1311 South Street, Philadelphia, PA 19147
Between 13th and Broad St on South St
Phone: (215) 471-0433
Fax: (215) 471-0430
You are welcome to text us at (215) 645-7024. Please note that you may also receive calls from this number.
Our office is currently OPEN, and we are accepting new patients. We are ready to treat the podiatric concerns of our community. Please contact our office to schedule an appointment or for more information.
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Schedule now at our New Office
opening on 4/19/23!
29 Bala Ave, Suite 114
Bala Cynwyd, PA 19004
Phone: (484) 773-1711
Friction from your shoes, your level of physical activity, and the heat and moisture they are exposed to can wreak havoc on your toenails, as can some health conditions.
Pain, itching, and discoloration are just some of the signs of toenail problems.
There are a number of toenail abnormalities that can cause anything from pain to a change in a toenail’s appearance.
If you want a cosmetic solution for some of your toenail issues, we offer the keryflex nail restoration system. This is a good solution for some toenail issues.
Here’s a look at some common toenail problems, what causes them, and their symptoms.
Nail fungus, or onychomycosis, is a common condition. About 10 percent of people are affected. The older you are, the more likely you are to experience it. Half of all people over age 70 develop this infection.
You may first notice a white or yellow spot under the tip of a toenail. As the fungal infection makes its way deeper into the nail, your nail will become discolored and thicken.
Your nail may also crumble and become jagged at the edge, and spread to other toenails. It can also spread to the surrounding skin.
Toenail fungus can be caused by a fungal infection on your foot or from walking barefoot where someone else with an infection has walked, such as saunas or locker rooms.
Fungi thrive in dark and damp environments, so people whose feet remain wet for extended periods have an increased risk of toenail fungal infections. This can happen when wearing the same sweaty shoes or boots every day or working in wet conditions.
People with diabetes are also at high risk for this infection.
If you have toenail fungus, one or more of your toenails may become:
discolored, usually white or yellow
brittle or crumbly
Ingrown toenails are one of the most common and most painful toenail problems. It occurs when the corner or side of your toenail grows into the flesh.
This can be caused by:
cutting your toenails too short
cutting your toenails on a curve instead of straight across
injuring your toenail
having unusually large or curved toenails
If you have an ingrown toenail, you may experience:
redness and pain along the side of the nail
swelling around your toenail
pus draining from your affected toenail
Toenail trauma can happen several ways, including:
stubbing your toe
dropping something heavy onto your foot
wearing ill-fitting shoes
picking at nails
Activities such as running or ballet dancing may also cause trauma to the toenail, as can a poorly performed pedicure.
Injuring a toenail can result in a collection of blood under the nail, called subungual hematoma. Other damage can include a partially or completely separated nail or injury to the underlying bone.
Symptoms of toenail trauma depend on the type of injury and may include:
pain or throbbing
dark red or purple spot under the nail
split or torn nail
nail lifting away from the skin
thickening of the toenail
Nail clubbing refers to changes under and around the toenails that cause your toes to take on a widened, club-like appearance.
Clubbing is most often caused by an underlying medical condition, such as heart disease, lung disease, gastrointestinal disorders, and cancer. It can also be an inherited trait in some people.
Clubbing can develop gradually over weeks or years, depending on the cause.
Symptoms of clubbed nails may include:
widening and rounding of the toenails
downward curving of the toenails
pronounced angle between the cuticles and nails
softening of the nail beds
nails that appear to be floating
bulging of the tips of the toes
Discoloration of the nail plates
Discoloration of the nail plates is usually the least worrisome of toenail problems.
Your nails are susceptible to discoloration from substances you come into contact with. Nail polish, dye from your shoes, and other products containing dye can stain your nails.
Drugs, including some cancer drugs, antibiotics, and those used to treat autoimmune disorders, can also cause discoloration of your nail plates.
Discoloration is usually not painful and will improve when your nail grows out or when you stop taking the medication or using the product that caused the discoloration.
There is a rare medical condition that can cause your nail plates to turn white.
Other than the discoloration, there aren’t usually any other symptoms associated with discolored nail beds.
Nail-patella syndrome is a rare condition that affects an estimated one in 50,000 people. It causes changes in the nails, kneecaps, hip bone, and elbows. The most common symptom is underdeveloped or missing fingernails and toenails. It caused by a genetic mutation.
The following are some of the symptoms of this rare condition:
underdeveloped fingernails and toenails
missing fingernails and toenails
ridged or split fingernails and toenails
small, deformed, or missing kneecaps
underdeveloped or deformed elbows
knee and elbow pain
small bony growths on the hip bones (iliac horns)
Leukonychia is the whitening of the nail plate. The condition can be divided into types based on the extent of the whitening:
Leukonychia striata are white streaks on the nail.
Leukonychia partialis is a partial whitening of the nail.
Leukonychia totalis is the complete whitening of the nail.
It is believed white streaks that form on the nail are due to problems with how the nail makes keratin. Whitening of the nail can be caused by underlying medical conditions or injury to the toenails.
An inherited gene mutation, certain medical treatments, such as chemotherapy, and heavy metal poisoning can also cause leukonychia. In some cases, an underlying cause is not found.
Symptoms of leukonychia include:
white spots on the nails
partial whitening of the nails
complete whitening of the nails
Red or black lines down the nails can be signs of a variety of serious infections and medical conditions, including cancer. See your doctor if you notice these types of changes.
Treatment of toenail problems: The treatment of toenail problems depends on the issue and its cause.
When to see a doctor
See your doctor about any abnormal changes to your toenails or if you experience signs of infection, such as redness, severe pain, or drainage of pus. Any red or black lines down the nails also require an evaluation and toenail fungus laser treatment in Philadelphia by your board-certified podiatrist.
Your toenails experience daily wear and tear, making toenail problems quite common. Taking care of your toenails with proper hygiene and properly fitted footwear can help keep your toenails strong and healthy.